I hope you will agree that one of the greatest inventions of our lifetime is the Internet or the Internet World. It is the easiest way to connect and bring together millions of people from across the world and the fastest way to share information.
What is Internet? The Internet World History began with the development of electronic computers in the 1950s. This Internet Timeline begins in 1962, before the word ‘Internet’ is invented. The world’s 10,000 computers are primitive, although they cost hundreds of thousands of dollars. They have only a few thousand words of magnetic core memory, and programming them is far from easy. Domestically, data communication over the phone lines is an AT&T monopoly.
But the four-year old Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. Department of Defense, a future-oriented funder of ‘high-risk, high-gain’ research, lays the groundwork for what becomes the ARPANET and, much later, the Internet. The internet was mainly an educational and government tool since its introduction in the 1960s. With the web becoming a new medium for popular communication, Congress approved in the early nineties for the internet to be used for commercial purposes.
The public was first introduced to the concepts that would lead to the Internet when a message was sent over the ARPANet from computer science Professor Leonard Kleinrock’s laboratory at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), after the second piece of network equipment was installed at Stanford Research Institute (SRI). The ARPANET in particular led to the development of protocols for internet working, where multiple separate networks could be joined together into a network of networks.
Internet World History – The Most Important Milestones from 1969
- A connection is made between The University of California Los Angeles and The Stanford Research Institute – Arpanet is born; created by the US Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects (Darpa)
- The first virus – Creeper – created. Creeper was an experimental self-replicating program written by Bob Thomas at BBN in 1971. It was designed not to damage but to demonstrate a mobile application. It is generally accepted to be the first computer virus. Creeper infected DEC PDP-10 computers running the TENEX operating system.
- Arpanet users 35
- Apple founded. Apple was established on April 1, 1976, by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne to sell the Apple I personal computer kit.
- 400 Arpanet users receive the first ever spam email inviting them to a product demo
- US National Science Foundation creates a non-military network for American universities
- Arpanet user Kevin Mackenzie uses the emoticon -)
- Apple IPO – market cap £1.7bn
- Arpanet and all network users
- IBM launches the personal computer
- The US National Science Foundation created a network to link existing university supercomputer networks
- Microsoft IPO – market cap $770m
- The first worm – “Morris” – created
- “Archie” the first internet search engine created by a student. The original implementation was written in 1990 by Alan Emtage and J. Peter Deutsch, then postgraduate students at McGill University in Montreal and Bill Heelan, who studied at Concordia University in Montreal and worked at McGill University at the same time.
- Arpanet decomissioned
- Tim Lee at CERN introduces the World Wide Web. Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee, OM, KBE, FRS, FREng, FRSA, also known as “TimBL,” is a British computer scientist, best known as the inventor of the World Wide Web.
- Mosaic web browser launched. Mosaic was developed at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign beginning in late 1992. NCSA released the browser in 1993, and officially discontinued development and support on January 7, 1997. However, it can still be downloaded from NCSA.
- Webcrawler, go.com and Lycos search engines launched
- Yahoo! founded
- Microsoft launches Internet Explorer. Amazon and eBay founded
- 18,957 websites are live
- AOL launches instant messenger
- Internet world’s users breaks the 100m figure
- Google founded
- Worldwide fears of computer crashes over Y2K or Millennium Bug
- Zappos – the first online only shop – is launched. Napster founded
- Happy99 – first email virus created
- iloveyou virus – 50 million users report being infected within 10 days
- Napster ordered to stop users sharing copyrighted music
- Wikipedia launches. Apple launches the ipod.
- CodeRed – the first virus to spread without human interaction
- Friendster founded. Gawker founded
- Apple launches iTunes and Safari browser. Myspace, Linkedin, Skype and WordPress launched.
- Google’s IPO – market cap £23bn. Facebook, Flickr and Vimeo launch. Mozilla launches Firefox browser.
- Internet world’s users breaks the 1 BILLION
- Reddit and YouTube launch
- Cabir – the first mobile virus created
- Twitter launched. Google buys YouTube for $1.65bn
- Apple launches iPhone. Tumblr launched. BBC launches the iPlayer
- Facebook becomes the world’s most popular social network
- Google launched Chrome. Spotify launched. Apple launched App Store
- Apple launches iPad. Instagram and Pinterest launched
- Stuxnet virus targets industrial processes – and appears to target nuclear operations in Iran
- Death of Steve Jobs. Google+ launched. Microsoft buys Skype
- Internet world’s users breaks 2.4 BILLION